A non-profit corporation formed to publish a magazine dealing primarily with homosexuality from the scientific., historical and critical point of view . . . books, magazines, pamphlets . . . to sponsor educational programs, lectures and concerts for the aid and benefit of social variants, and to promote among the general public an interest, knowledge and understanding of the problems of variation . . . to sponsor research and promote the integration into society of such persons whose behavior and inclinations vary from current moral and social standards.
ONE Magazine is published monthly at fifty cents per copy, plus postage for mailing, subscriptions in the United States, Canada & Mexico at five dollars per yeor (first class, sealed! two years for nine dollars, airmail, one year for six dollars fifty cents subscriptions in other countries, six dollars per year airmail rates on application
Publication offices 232 South Hill Street, Los Angeles 12, California
Copyright 1962 by ONE Incorporated, Los Angeles, California
Not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts unless postage and self-addressed envelope are enclosed
". . . a mystic bond of brotherhood makes all men one."
Volume X Number 1 January 1962
16 NOTE ON PHALLIC WORSHIP Jeff Winters
21 NOT ONLY FOR OUR OWN SATISFACTION M.F.
25 AS FOR ME Geraldine Jackson
14 FRAGMENT FROM AN UNFINISHED WORK Martin Block
10 LOVE IS THE NIGHT Doyle Eugene Livingston
20 EMBARCADERO Forrest Anderson
23 FRAGMENT II Sten Russell
24 SUMMER'S END Helen Ito
28 AFTER-LOVE SONG M.F.B
COVER: Eve Elloree
With this issue ONE begins its 10th year of publication. This is, then, our tenth anniversary issue and our 10th anniversary year. In honor of this milestone in ONE's history I have felt it appropriate to preempt our customary editorial space— and, perhaps, a few extra pages, to review for our friends and readers some of the more significant events, both physical and idea logical, in ONE's not untroubled history. Significantly enough, there is a considerable number of names on ONE's subscription list which have been there from the very beginning; undoubtedly there are many newsstand buyers who have been with us from the first, yet, in all probability, there are few of today's readers who may realize and appreciate just how far ONE has traveled in its first nine years of publication.
The cause for which all homophiles must live and for which some, at least, choose to fight, is far from won. It will not be won, no doubt, in our lifetime. There are agonizing moments when to struggle seems purposeless and hopeless, but we cannot give up. Progress is being made. Most of us, however, fail to find within the arena of our own personal experience the milestones by which to measure this progress, and so we are not aware of it. But, because ONE, small though it still may be, is a larger entity than any of us its activities encompass a field large enough to provide landmarks by which we can measure our progress thus far and, perhaps, estimate the progress which may still be made by our generation.
It was in the fall of 1952 that the idea for the magazine eventually to be known as ONE was conceived. The idea was, at first, enthusiastically accepted and warmly supported by a comparatively large group of people who were then meeting under the auspices of the Mattachine Society in Los Angeles. The enthusiasm of most of these supporters died rapidly, however—not because they felt any less warmly about the idea, but because they felt that the project was impractical—nay, not impractical, impossible. There remained, fortunately, a small handful who would not give up. This small remaining group continued to meet regularly, and plans progressed rapidly.
In only a few weeks (January 1953), the first issue of ONE was published. This first issue bears little resemblance to the magazine we know today. In the first place, it is of an odd size (as all issues of that year were to be), almost square, rather ungainly looking, and awkward to handle. It consists of twenty-four pages and a cover. The cover is plain gray, with a simple, formal design, and some few words in purple ink. There was an index page, a page of announcements, a "Letter to You" in which the editors stated that ONE was "dedicated to the service of humanity" and appealed to readers for support. The "lead article" was a translation from a German homophile publication. Die Insel. There was a poem by Helen Ito, showing that women's interests were to be included, an article on law, a page of book notices, a couple of pages of "news," one advertisement, and a page expressing the best wishes of the Mattachine Foundation. Except as one may see in "News:" the forerunner of today's tangents and in "Books:" today's more formal and more extensive book section, there was no department, no feature, to suggest the magazine of today. Only "As For Me," an occasional feature, remains unchanged. There was no art work—only a space-filling standard printer's cut or two.
But the first issue was out and number two was on its way. In the second issue, as a few readers expressed their reactions to issue No. 1, there appeared a page entitled: "LETTERS:" and the first regular feature of ONE, as known today, came into being. In the March issue, the "Book" section assumed a more formal aspect; there were two advertisements.
Everything that first year was, of course, a first of some kind, and almost every line represented some kind of accomplishment: there were the first editorial, the first articles -written by members of the staff—and then the first outside manuscripts, the first letters, the first controversy, and the first hint of trouble with authority. In May there appeared an article entitled "The Homosexual Culture," the beginning of a long continuing controversy as to whether there actually is a "homosexual culture." In July there appeared a provocative article entitled: "Your Little Magazine Won't Last," in which the author detailed six thoughtful reasons why, in his opinion, ONE could not hope to survive. This article was to touch off a whole series of articles and letters in which readers expressed their views as to the possibility and desirability of ONE's staying in existence for any length of time. It was an interesting argument then—and still is—though some of the more compelling arguments in 1953 seem a little silly in 1962.
In August came the first hint of trouble with the post office. For no reason which would ever be apparent today from a perusal of the Magazine, the Los Angeles Post Office stopped the postal distribution of all copies of ONE. Then, after holding them for about two weeks, released them at the insistence of ONE's attorney. That was all there was to this incident, but it boded ill for the future.
In November, 1953. ONE moved into its own offices at 232 S. Hill, two dismal rooms in a shabby office building downtown L.A., and made a plea for donations of furniture and general office equipment. Today ONE still occupies those same quarters although the two rooms have become six. Office equipment now includes modern reproduction and duplicating machines, steel files, and sturdy shelves for ONE's library—equipment the first editors would never have dared hope for, all gifts of the "Friends of ONE."
No review of that first momentous year would be complete without at least a brief mention of ONE's first editors. The January masthead stated that the editorial board was composed of Martin Block, Dale Jennings, and Don Slater; William Lambert was business manager. Martin Block was to serve as editor-in-chief until July of that first year when he turned over his position to Dale Jennings and,
assumed a position as contributing editor. Dale served as editor until February, 1954, when Ann Carll Reid became one of the first women ever to serve as an editor of a homophile publication. Ann was to continue in this position through December, 1957, when she was succeeded by Don Slater, our present editor. Don assumed command with the January issue 1958. Thus, ONE has had four editors, two of whom have served for four years.
From the very beginning ONE was supported and assisted by women. Indeed, the first few issues contained several items written by women—Helen Ito, Elizabeth Lalo, Geraldine Jackson. Even so, in August, 1953, ONE published a letter signed simply "J.P." reproaching ONE for its exclusively male approach to the problem of homosexuality. The letter concluded: "perhaps you would welcome the feminine viewpoint. I'm sure we have much to offer if it would be acceptable to ONE." Coincidentally, with that same issue two women had been appointed officially and formally to the editorial board. They were, significantly, Ann Carll Reid and Eve Elloree. Ann, as already mentioned, was later to become editor-in-chief. Eve was soon to become ONE's art director and was to serve in that capacity up to the present time.
The February, 1954, issue bore on its cover, in large letters, the words "The Feminine Viewpoint." The entire issue was written by, for, and about women. Not immediately, but eventually, ''Feminine Viewpoint," was to become a regular feature of the magazine appearing under that masthead. "The Feminine Viewpoint," as an identifiable feature, no longer appears as such, but it remains always the responsibility of Alison Hunter to make certain that, in general, each issue contains something of special interest to ONE's female readers and supporters. In this same issue there appeared an article entitled: "Letter to a Newcomer" by Sten Russell. This was Sten's first appearance in ONE's pages, but Sten was to become, first, an active contributor to ONE's pages, and eventually an associate editor, a position which she held until mid-1961.
In March, 1954, Lyn Pedersen made his first appearance with an article entitled: "The Importance of Being Different." Lyn was subsequently to become a full time staff member, a regular contributor, and associate editor, working with and for ONE until late 1960.
Meanwhile the going was rough. There was never enough money (as there still isn't), there was never enough good publishable material, and there was never enough help nor enough time. The August and September issues did not appear in 1954. The October issue carried this announcement: "Notice! No, you are not 'seeing things.' This is the October Issue. There will be no August or September issue this year. All subscriptions will be extended two months."
And this October issue was to make history. Why this particular issue? No real reason, apparently. It was a good issue! If you have never seen it you should. Yet there is nothing in it which could not have been published by any other magazine with impunity. Nevertheless, here was the issue which the Los Angeles postmaster felt he could legally refuse and safely label "obscene." I have no intention of reviewing here at any length the details of this case (see ONE, March, 1957; February, 1958) which are well known to those who have been reading ONE for any length of time. I was not here, in those days, yet I know that ONE's editors must have been filled with despair—there must have been moments when everyone recalled all the dire predictions made by those who had given up at the outset, those who had forseen ONE's demise even before its birth. I know that it would have been easy and inviting to forget the whole thing, to give up entirely, or simply to pass on to another and perhaps less "offensive" issue. But ONE, the magazine, and ONE, the corporation, did not give up so
easily. It was a long, a bitter, and expensive struggle—two courts decided against ONE, but ONE did not give up. The first great victory came when the Supreme Court of these United States deigned to review the case. The success of ONE's legal counsel in preparing a brief which attracted the attention of our highest tribunal cannot be praised too highly. At last, in January, 1958, came the decision in ONE's favor, and the postmaster was directed to release the long impounded copies.
It is hard to appreciate the significance of this victory. ONE's own victory was tremendous, and yet it pales into unimportance alongside the overall gains which came with this decision. Freedom of the press, freedom to publish! Yes, of course. But there was more than that! The real, the basic, the honest and fundamental issue resolved was that the mention, the treatment, whether in fact or in fiction, of homosexuality was not, in and by itself, obscene. This, of course, despite the legal obfuscation and verbiage, was exactly and precisely what the postoffice was contending, and is what would have been established had the decision gone the other way. What has this meant, what can this mean to all fields of communication, to all the arts, to radio, to TV, the stage, the novel and the movies? The answer has long since become obvious. I had no part in this drama and so I can say that if ONE should disappear tomorrow it would still have made one of the greatest contributions to humanism and civil liberty of our day. How many of you, by the way, have ever seen this issue? It is still available—simply because it was, for so long, unmailable. "The Gay Menagerie," a six-page cartoon sequence in this issue, is considered by some to be one of the most unforgettable things the magazine has ever done.
In January, 1955, there appeared, for the first time, what has since become ONE's most popular, most essential, feature "Tangents." News, in various form, has appeared in almost every issue since the very beginning, but with this issue, news, written with the particular style and commentary of Dal Mclntire, was to become a must. Today, sometimes, the lack of space occasioned by some special feature, forces the omission of "Tangents" from a given issue. Nothing, except, perhaps, the non-appearance of the Magazine itself, brings in so many protests from our readers.
ONE's tribulations were still not over. Legal acceptance had been won, but financial and staffing problems had not yet been overcome. There must have been many, many moments when ONE's editors, above all, were convinced that the early doubters were completely and entirely right. Deadlines simply could not be met; issues were almost always late, by weeks or months, or were skipped all together. As late as 1957 issues were to be combined, appearing as August-September, October-November. From the very beginning ONE has been a "printed" magazine, but the printing, off-set or type, has varied from issue to issue, makeup, format, column width, column length, type font, color of ink, covers, illustrations—everything varied from issue to issue. It was anybody's guess as to when or how the next issue might appear, or what it would look like.
In June, 1957, a significant change appeared on the cover. Up to that time the cover had always announced: ONE—The Homosexual Magazine. With the issue of June-July, 1957, the cover read: ONE—The Homosexual Viewpoint. This change was not made lightly. Many hours of argument and discussion preceded it; discussion and argument have followed it, but the change, for better or for worse, was made. As a linquist, I personally feel the change was for the better, though not necessarily more expressive of ONE's aims.
In that same issue ONE also acquired the "new look." From this time on, ONE has been a letterpress magazine, pages have been illustrated, paper has been of a
uniform quality, features and departments have been regular in appearance and consistent in context. Issues have appeared regularly with only a few delays. No issue has been skipped. There have been twelve issues each year. No small achievement!
But what has been ONE's real progress? Is it something which can be measured by changes in type and format, by regularity of publication, by number of pages, by quality of paper or excellence of illustration, by the number of ads, or by the names on ONE's masthead, or by the names on ONE's roster of authors? I do not think so. ONE's real progress can be demonstrated and measured only by its content. While the changes in its physical features can be appreciated by any long time reader, I feel that only its editors—and only those who have been with the magazine from the very beginning, of which there are now only two—Don Slater and Bill Lambert—can appreciate the real and significant progress during the past nine years.
Not even they, I fear, were really cognizant of the full extent of this during these past nine years until they were shocked a week or so ago by certain developments which forced them, perhaps for the first time, to take full cognizance of ONE's real, true, and meaningful development.
For example, I wonder just how many of ONE's current readers realize that at the very beginning ONE was a non-fiction magazine? It was! This was not by design nor intent. From the very earliest plans, ONE's supporters had envisaged a magazine which, like most popular magazines, would contain a certain amount of appropriate fiction. It was the opinion of legal counsel, however, that ONE could not publish fiction. To do so would appear to be catering to the delectation of a sensual-minded and perverted minority. Only by avoiding any semblence of "entertainment" could ONE lawfully and realistically meet the requirements of its corporate charter. Fortunately, this particular point of view did not long persist, but it was not until July, 1953, the seventh issue, that ONE dared print a piece of fiction—an innocuous little tale entitled, "But They'll Outgrow It," by David Freeman. By December of that very year ONE had become sufficiently daring as to publish an all-fiction issue, the high-light of which was a story by James Barr. Since then there have been other all-fiction issues, and today, unless it be by express design of its editors, no issue of ONE would be considered complete without one or two pieces of fiction.
But let me give you another example of ONE's progress. There appeared in ARCADIE, the French homophile publication, a short story by Yves Cerny, entitled "le Nouveau Garon boucher," a sensitive and delightful tale. This story was subsequently translated expressly for ONE by Clarkson Crane, an American author, who has contributed some of ONE's best original fiction. On the advice of legal counsel, however, this story was rejected as being too daring for ONE simply because it portrayed, on an exalted and poetic level, physical and affectionate, though not necessarily sexual, contact between two men. Rejected by ONE Mr. Crane then submitted his manuscript to Der Kreis, where it was published in the English section of that magazine as "The New Butcher Boy." Late last fall this particualr little history was brought to my attention. I read the story in English and in French, and I suggested to the editors that they take another look at it. The story was reread and, needless to say, was published without a qualm in the issue of February 1961. This is but one example. Today ONE publishes in almost every issue articles, poetry, and fiction which in 1953, 1957, or 1959 would have caused our legal advisors to "shake in their boots." Compare almost any issue today with that 'celebrated' issue of 1954 and judge for yourself whether progress has been made.
Many, many months ago ONE's present editorial staff began to make plans for this anniversary issue, for this anniversary year. An idea, proposed early in our discussions, was to reprint throughout the year, the "best" from ONE's long nine years. The idea was, after much discussion, adopted as having merit. Then came the search for the "Best of ONE." Almost everyone had a suggestion, a favorite article, a favorite story, a piece of poetry, the "gay menagerie," Brother Grundy, etc. One by one these were pulled out of the files and reread. Some of us, deliberately and laboriously, examined page after page, every issue on our shelves. And then came the shock. One by one each suggestion was thrown aside. Our own selections, reread, did not seem so outstanding. Someone was sure to say: "Well, yes, this is pretty good. It's quite well written. It's amusing, it's interesting, even, but if this were to be submitted to ONE today, I would reject it without a second thought. It's old hat, it's been said, it's not really very clever any more, it's ingenuous, it's naive. What does it matter?" And so on. Oddly enough there was almost always unanimous agreement, excellent as the selection once may have been, there was no place for it in the ONE magazine of today. A great idea went out the window. There are not in this issue, and there will not be in 1962, any "reprints." But I hasten to add, we are not ashamed of these old issues. Indeed, as we look them over, there are many issues as a whole, many articles, many phrases, many lines, which make our hearts swell with pride. Time after time the question comes to mind, "How could we have been that good? Boy, this must surely have been an accident!" Even so, this is not good enough for 1962! NO, if it is not that it "is not good enough," it is just that it "no longer needs saying." Our problems, our issues are different.
And so, at almost the last moment, a project which we had nurtured for the better part of a year, collapsed in a lifeless heap on the worn floor before us. Could we not yet salvage something of this great plan? Perhaps!
What might Martin Block, what might Dale Jennings, Geraldine Jackson, and others have to say today? To hell with what they said ten years ago! Let's hear from them today! And so. that is what we give you—our tenth anniversary issue, some Martin Block,—ONE's first editor, some Dale Jennings ONE's second editor; an issue embellished by Eve Elloree, ONE's earliest and most regular past contributors.
We, your editors, hope that perhaps we can continue, throughout this year, this project to bring you new and original contributions by the best, the most famous writers ONE has presented these past nine years. And perhaps, we will eventually reprint something of our "best." It is not that there have not been many things which we have been proud and happy to print, for there have been many, but again. I say, this is 1962, not 1952, and there is a lifetime and a world before us.
It is with this in mind that your present editorial staff begins to plan ONE for February, 1962, and for, 1963, 1965... !
Marcel Martin Associate Editor
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